Incontri. Rivista europea di studi italiani <p>Since 1985, <em>Incontri. Rivista europea di Studi Italiani</em> has been an international forum for academic publications related to Italian history and culture. As an interdisciplinary journal, <em>Incontri</em> publishes both academic research in various fields (history, literature, linguistics, philosophy, art history, music, cinema and theatre etc.) and contributions that cross the boundaries of traditional Humanities disciplines.</p> <p><em>Incontri</em> is the journal of the<a title="wis" href=""> Werkgroep Italië Studies</a> (WIS), an Italian Studies workgroup based in the Dutch and Flemish academic research community.</p> Werkgroep Italië Studies en-US Incontri. Rivista europea di studi italiani 0169-3379 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> In memoriam Annaserena Ferruzzi Frans Denissen Copyright (c) 2021 Frans Denissen 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 106 109 10.18352/inc11010 L’anno di passaggio (alla nuova piattaforma) Natalie Dupré Inge Lanslots Copyright (c) 2021 Natalie Dupré, Inge Lanslots 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 5 6 10.18352/inc11013 Tracing Italianness <p>Review of: Charles Burdett, Loredana Polezzi and Barbara Spadaro (eds.), <em>Transcultural Italies. Mobility, Memory and Translation</em>, Liverpool, Liverpool University Press, 2020, 368 p., ISBN: 9781789622553, £95.00; ebook: 9781789622706, £95.00.</p> Rachelle Gloudemans Copyright (c) 2021 Inge Lanslots 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 113 115 10.18352/inc11011 Aernout van Buchel’s Iter Italicum on-line <p>Review of: Arnoldus Buchellius (Aernout van Buchel), <em>Diarium</em> (<em>Commentarius rerum quotidianarum, </em>including<em> Iter Italicum</em>). Transcription with preface and annotations of Hs. 798 (parts I and II), in the University Library of Utrecht.</p> Jan de Jong Copyright (c) 2021 Jan de Jong 2021-10-01 2021-10-01 36 1 10.18352/inc11101 Finzioni biografiche <p>Recensione di: Riccardo Castellana, <em>Finzioni biografiche. Teoria e storia di un genere ibrido</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2019, 215 p., ISBN 9788843096183, €21.</p> Stefania Lucamante Copyright (c) 2021 Stefania Lucamante 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 10.18352/inc11012 Straniamenti e spaesamenti a confronto nella letteratura italiana ed europea del XVIII e XIX secolo <p>Introduzione - sezione tematica</p> Daniele Comberiati Alessandra Giro Copyright (c) 2021 Daniele Comberiati, Alessandra Giro; Inge Lanslots 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 7 17 10.18352/inc11003 Una ripetizione straniante <p><strong>Repetition and estrangement</strong></p> <p>The fixed idea in a tale of I. U. Tarchetti</p> <p>The article aims to investigate the process of estrangement through the tale <em>La lettera U</em>, by Iginio Ugo Tarchetti. By adopting the point of view of a madman, Tarchetti stages an estrangement that affects the entire discourse of the character. The fixed idea, a symptom of monomania (the psychiatric definition of this type of delirium at the time) gives rise to a narrative device with a strong alienating potential, able to highlight the differences between the notion of Šklovskij's <em>ostranenie</em> and estrangement as presented in fantastic literature.</p> Claudia Murru Copyright (c) 2021 Inge Lanslots 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 18 29 10.18352/inc11004 Naufragare per giardini <p><strong>A Shipwreck in the Garden</strong></p> <p>Estrangement and Confusion in Utopic Landscape in Johann Gottfried Schnabel’s <em>Isle Felsenburg</em></p> <p>This essay analyses the description of the garden in the first volume of <em>Isle Felsenburg</em> (1731), a utopian novel by Johann Gottfried Schnabel. The paper aims to underline the central role of both ‘wonder’ and ‘estrangement’ in creating a utopian landscape by focusing on the garden of Albert Julius, patriarch of the community. While the beauty of the garden astonishes the narrator, it also results in estrangement, as it drives the reader away from the present into the creatural past of humankind, a lost Eden. Such estrangement is a form of displacement: the subject is incapable of finding its own place in nature.</p> Emmanuela Ferragamo Copyright (c) 2021 Emmanuela Ferragamo 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 30 44 10.18352/inc11006 Lo spaesamento delle viaggiatrici europee al nord <p><strong>The displacement of European female Travellers in the North </strong></p> <p>Estrangements in travel writing</p> <p>The present paper focuses on the travel accounts written by four women who decided to visit the European North in mid- and late-Nineteenth century: Ida Laura Pfeiffer’s <em>Visit to Iceland and Scandinavian North</em> (1853), Carla Serena’s <em>Mon voyage personnels: souvenirs De la Baltique à la Mer Caspienne</em> (1881), Ethel Brianna Tweedies’ <em>A girl’s ride in Iceland</em> (1889), and Elisa Cappelli’s <em>In Svezia. Impressioni di viaggio</em> (1902). The aim is to analyse these travel diaries to identify the various forms of displacement and estrangement presented to the readers. The term ‘displacement’ is here to be understood as the condition of the ‘outsider’, the perception of being ‘the Other’, whereas ‘estrangement’ could be considered the reformulation of this awareness. This paper highlights real displacements that derive from social, cultural, geographical, and gender discrepancies adopting a comparative approach, which concentrates on the textual and semantic solutions, also taking into account the interdependence of travel and writing and of space and people. These aspects intertwine with the factual reality of the travel discourse, ultimately leading to both ‘literary’ and ‘existential’ estrangements.</p> Ellen Patat Copyright (c) 2021 Ellen Patat 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 45 59 10.18352/inc11005 ‘Coi libri o col mondo?’ <p><strong>‘With books or with the world?’</strong></p> <p>Alienation effects without disorientation <em>in Viaggio e maravigliose avventure d’un veneziano </em>by Francesco Contarini</p> <p>This paper investigates the forms and effects of displacement in <em>Viaggio e maravigliose avventure d’un veneziano ch’esce per la prima volta dalle lagune e si reca a Padova e a Milano</em>, published anonymously in Milan in 1818. According to Luigi Catucci, the author is Francesco Contarini, who translated many travel books for the editor Sonzogno between 1816 and 1817: this would explain the noticeable intertextual dialogue between the <em>Viaggio</em> and other travel writings, both fictional and non-fictional. Some allusions to Vasco de Gama’s and James Cook’s geographical explorations reveal the author’s interest in travel as an anthropological experience, while quotations from Swift and De Maistre suggest a familiarity with the literary conventions and the most recent renewal of the European novel. </p> <p>From a theoretical point of view, the essay examines the interaction between travel literature, (anti-)novel, <em>récit excentrique</em>, and parody, in order to show that literary contamination works as an estrangement device. At the same time, this theoretical interpretation is evaluated (from an analytical and interpretative point of view) in relation to the narrative techniques through which Contarini expresses the alienation-effect of the first-person dramatized narrator, prompting a strong sense of disorientation in the reader (but not in the main character). </p> Bianca Del Buono Copyright (c) 2021 Bianca Del Buono 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 60 74 10.18352/inc11007 L’ 'amour fou' tra spaesamento e straniamento in due scrittrici siciliane <p><strong><em>Amour fou </em></strong><strong>between displacement and estrangement in two Sicilian writers of the Nineteenth Century</strong></p> <p>Rosina Muzio Salvo and Cettina Natoli</p> <p>This research aims at investigating the <em>topos </em>of love as deep and extreme passion, in opposition to social stereotypes, in two novels by two Sicilian female writers of the Nineteenth Century, <em>Adelina</em> (1845) by Rosina Muzio Salvo (1815-1866) and <em>Margherita Royn</em> (1886) by Cettina Natoli (1867-1913). In <em>Adelina</em> <em>amour fou</em> is in conflict with the patriotic needs and the moralism of the newborn middle-class society; in <em>Margherita Royn</em>, an overliterary, different kind of love clashes with the materialism and commercialization which dominate in late Nineteenth century. Adelina’s displacement is highlighted by the structure of the polyphonic epistolary novel, in which the protagonist’s ‘reasons of the heart’ are opposed to the opinions of all the other characters; according to a process of Verghian estrangement (Luperini, 1974), they convey a distorted picture of her passion and consider it a weird, unacceptable fact. Margherita is able to see reality only through an overly literary lens of extreme sentimentality; her isolation is manifest in the depiction of her body, consumed by an adulterous passion which contrasts with her husband’s rough physicality; overcome by jealousy, he will end up killing her.</p> Daniela Bombara Copyright (c) 2021 Daniela Bombara 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 75 90 10.18352/inc11008 Straniamenti e spaesamenti di Luigi Gualdo <p><strong>Estrangement and Out-of-Placeness in the Works of Luigi Gualdo</strong></p> <p>Characters and places between ideal and reality, cosmopolitanism and uprooting</p> <p>This paper focuses on the different forms of estrangement and out-of-placeness which can be found in Luigi Gualdo’s works. Gualdo (1844-1898) was a prominent writer whose works are influenced by French realism and <em>Parnasse</em>, Italian <em>scapigliatura</em> and the European decadence and estheticism. Moreover, he lived between France and Italy and he was one of the main <em>passeurs</em> between French and Italian literature of his time. This particular condition of the writer is reflected in his works and in particular in the portraiture of his characters, which are often rootless artists and mundane women with a strong component of cosmopolitism. The aim of this paper is to analyse some of the characteristics and features of Gualdo’s characters according to the parameters of estrangement and out-of-placeness. In particular I will focus on the ambiguous nature of the relation between ideal world and reality, of artistic genius and its place in society and the normal world, as well as on more specific topics related to the subject, such as <em>spleen</em>, places described as theatrical decors, hotel rooms and feminine nomadic attitudes, cosmopolitism as both a challenge and an opportunity for the characters. I will conclude on a specific issue regarding the struggle between the estranged character, time, and aging.</p> Filippo Fonio Copyright (c) 2021 Filippo Fonio 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 36 1 95 105 10.18352/inc11009